How to Maintain Oral Hygiene

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5 Tips You Must Learn

Keeping those white pearls in your mouth shining has got to rank high on your daily to-do list. Preserving a bright smile, fresh breath, and healthy gums isn’t difficult, yet it’s not super easy either. Even when it comes to taking care of what’s inside your mouth, consistency is key. You’ll need to put some effort and care into keeping good oral health.

Maintaining good oral health does not only mean being disease-free. It can go far beyond that, enabling you to feel and look good. It also helps you eat and speak properly. Thus, in many aspects, it is vital not just for your teeth but also for your overall well-being.

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1- Brush Your Teeth

It might be obvious, but it’s recommended that you brush your teeth at least twice a day using toothpaste, preferably after every meal you have.

When it comes to this, there are 3 techniques you can apply:

➔  Bass or Sulcular Technique

If you suffer from Periodontitis, which is a gum infection that harms the soft tissues around teeth, this is your go-to brushing technique. In this method, the bristles of your toothbrush reach underneath your gum, scrubbing off plaque and preventing it from turning into tartar.


  • Place the toothbrush parallel to your teeth.
  • Maintain a 45°angle with your brush.
  • Allow the bristles to sneak slightly under your gum line.
  • Brush back and forth while applying gentle pressure.

➔  Stillman’s Brushing Technique

Recommended for those who have Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. Stillman’s technique helps remove plaque and stimulate the gums, but it can only be applied to small groups of teeth, so you’ll need to brush one group at a time.


  • The bristles are held at a 45° angle toward the gum line.
  • Cover the gum line with half of the bristles.
  • Cover the tooth surface with the other half.
  • Gently stroke by making short horizontal movements.

➔  Charter Technique

The Charter technique comes in handy if you have orthodontic appliances or fixed partial dentures. This technique offers a position that is opposite to the ones used in the Brass and Stillman techniques.


  • Also held at a 45° angle, the brush should point toward the tooth’s chewing surface or crown.
  • Move the brush 15-20 counts using circular strokes or small back-and-forth motions.
  • Maintain the pattern as you brush your teeth, and make sure to brush all sides and surfaces of your teeth.

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2- Floss Regularly

Flossing once a day is considered ideal and best practiced at night before bed and prior to brushing your teeth. Flossing helps you reach the tight spaces and angles that you might struggle to clean using a toothbrush. Many people wonder if it’s important to floss. Well, it is. Flossing prevents teeth from becoming vulnerable and exposed to decay.

How to floss?

  1. Use 18 inches of floss (45 cm), wrap the first end around your middle finger, and then the other around the same finger on the opposite hand.
  2. Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers.
  3. Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Beware not to snap the floss into your gums.
  4. Hold the floss tightly against the tooth, slightly away from the gums. Gently rub the side of the tooth with an up-and-down motion, following the shape of the tooth. Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth.

3- Implement a Healthy Diet

Ice cream, candy, and potato chips are delicious, right? But unfortunately, they’re terrible for your teeth. The bacteria inside your mouth love them, as they can lead to tooth decay and gum disease; it is vital to keep an eye on your diet and eat what’s best for your body and teeth.

Here are some of the foods that are good for your oral health:


An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Not just the doctor, but the dentist too! Apples break down plaques and whiten the tooth enamel due to the type of acid they contain.


Most effective when eaten raw, carrots can work as a natural toothbrush. A cavity-fighting vegetable, it helps massage your gums when chewed. They’re also high in plaque-attacking keratin as well as Vitamin A.

Yogurt Milk and Cheese

Dairy products are famous for their high levels of calcium, which in return helps strengthen the teeth. They contain minerals and vitamins that are gentle on your delicate white gems.

4- Drink More and More Water

You can never have enough water. One of its countless benefits is that it keeps your gum tissue healthy and hydrated. This adds to the ability of the gum tissue to steer clear of mouth infections.

Unlike sugary foods, water is despised by mouth bacteria. It washes away harmful bacteria, protecting the teeth and gums from decay and disease.

Drinking water helps your body produce enough saliva to keep your mouth moist and preserve a healthy environment for your teeth and gums.

5- Make Routine Check-Up Visits to the Dentist

It’s a fair assumption to make that you should visit the dentist every 6 months. Actually, the time between check-ups can vary from 3 months to 2 years, depending on how healthy your teeth and gums are and your risk of future problems.

So, what is a routine dental check-up?

During a check-up, your dentist examines your teeth, gums, and mouth to make sure that everything is alright.

You should also expect questions regarding your oral hygiene habits and whether you’ve been applying them correctly and efficiently.

If there are no issues, the dentist may advise on diet, smoking, alcohol, and teeth cleaning.

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